Key Policy Options for the G20 to Support Robust International Trade and Investment Workshop

Organised by
ICTSD, in partnership with Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
3 四月 2016
Nanjing, China

As the premier forum for international economic cooperation, the G20 is uniquely positioned to discuss the various  global trade and investment policy issues.

In its document of announcing the key agenda items of the G20 Summit in 2016, China highlights “robust international trade and investment” as one of four key themes of this year’s G20 agenda, together and interlinked with other three themes on finding a new path for growth, more effective and efficient global economic and financial governance, and inclusive and interconnected development.

ICTSD has been leading various projects with the objective of advancing sustainable development through trade-related policy-making for two decades. Since 2012, the Centre has convened a flagship E15 Initiative, co-implemented with World Economic Forum, assembling over 370 international experts to collectively deliberate and produce policy options for improved governance of the global trade and investment system in the 21st century. The E15 Report was launched by ICTSD and the WEF at the 2016  Annual Meeting at Davos. The report has been welcomed by several trade ministers and senior officials.

Since 2011, ICTSD China has been convening Chinese policy-makers, experts, business and opinion leaders around the globe to leverage China’s constructive and strategic role in advancing the global public interest of international economic governance at the WTO, the G20 and beyond.  Some key recommendations emerging from ICTSD dialogues in Geneva, March 2015 and in Beijing, May 2015, have been well reflected in the G20 TIWG discussions.

This Nanjing workshop takes a step further in providing a platform to discuss some of the policy issues with key stakeholders, including senior trade and investment officials from the G20 members and their guest countries. We invited leading thinkers to present the latest analysis, facilitate discussions among all participants, and generate forward-looking and practical ideas for the G20 Shanghai TMM and Hangzhou Summit in 2016 and beyond. The workshop covered the following areas: facilitating investment cooperation, supporting multilateral trade system, boosting trade growth and enhancing the inclusiveness of Global Value Chains.

This event was organised by ICTSD, in partnership with Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. The organisers would like to acknowledge the ICTSD core donors and British Embassy China Prosperity Fund for making this event possible.

On the following day (4th April), ICTSD Chief Executive Mr Ricardo Melendez-Ortiz was invited to present key policy recommendations from independent experts of this workshop to the second meeting of the G20 Trade and Investment Working Group in Nanjing. His intervention was welcomed and well discussed by G20 officials. ICTSD is the first and only independent international think tank that has ever been invited to make a presentation to the G20 Trade and Investment Working Group meeting.

Comments and questions are to be sent to Dr. Cheng Shuaihua at ICTSD China, with subject line: "ICTSD Nanjing G20 Meeting".



Registration-Networking Coffee
The Purple Palace, Nanjing, China
  • Ricardo MELÉNDEZ-ORTIZ, Chief Executive, ICTSD
  • ZOU Zhibo, Deputy General Director, Institute of World Economics and Politics (IWEP), Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)
  • ZHANG Shaogang, Director General, Ministry of Commerce of China; G20 TIWG Chair


  • Ambassador Jonathan T. FRIED, Co-Chair, G20 TIWG & Permanent Representative of Canada to the WTO



  • Karl P. SAUVANT, Resident Senior Fellow, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment (CCSI); E15 Initiative
  • Mark FELDMAN, Professor of Law, Peking University School of Transnational Law; E15 Initiative




  • Ana NOVIK, Head of investment, OECD; E15 Initiative
  • SHI Jingxia, Dean and Professor, UIBE Law School; E15 Initiative 



  • Ricardo MELÉNDEZ-ORTIZ, Chief Executive, ICTSD


  • Patrick LOW, Former Chief Economist, WTO; Visiting Professor, Hong Kong University; E15 Initiative


  • TU Xinquan, Executive Dean and Professor, China Institute for WTO Studies, UIBE; E15 Initiative
  • DONG Yan, Director and Senior Research Fellow, International Trade Department, IWEP/CASS

Interactive discussions in small groups:

  • Facilitator and rapporteur at each table

 Large group discussion


  • Motosada MATANO, Director, International Trade Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan



  • Simon EVENETT, Professor of International Trade and Economic Development, University of St. Gallen; Co-Director, CEPR Programm in International Trade and Regional Economics; E15 Initiative
  • WANG Zhi, Professor and Director, Research Centre of Global Value Chains, UIBE; Senior Policy Research Fellow, School of Policy, Government, and International Affairs, George Mason University



  • AN Baisheng, Deputy Director, Institute of World Economy, China Academy of International Trade & Economic Cooperation (CAITEC)


Interactive discussions in small groups:

  • Facilitator and rapporteur at each table


Large group discussion

Discussion and closing remarks:

  •  ZOU Zhibo, Deputy General Director, IWEP/CASS
  •  Ricardo MELÉNDEZ-ORTIZ, Chief Executive, ICTSD

Ricardo MELÉNDEZ-ORTIZ is founder and Chief Executive since 1996 of the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD), based in Geneva, Switzerland.

Previously, he co-founded and was General Director of Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano (Quito). He has represented Colombia as a negotiator in several multilateral fora, including as permanent delegate of Colombia in Geneva and as a negotiator in GATT’s Uruguay Round, the Rio’92 UN Conference process, UNCTAD VIII, the Climate Change Convention, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the Montreal Protocol. He acted as spokesperson for the G77 in several fora and served as chair of the UN Standing Committees on Commodities and on Trade Preferences. Earlier, he had served as Principal Adviser to the Colombian Minister of Economic Development and as Chief of Administration of the Office of the President of Colombia.

Since 1997, Mr. Meléndez-Ortiz has been the publisher of BRIDGES and its sister publications, and has edited, authored and published a wide range of books, articles and opinion pieces in English, French and Spanish on economic governance, trade, sustainable development and conflict management.

He has served or currently sits on advisory committees and the boards of a number of global policy initiatives, including as Board chairperson of the Meridian Institute (U.S.); World Economic Forum’s Global Future Council on Biodiversity and the Bio-Economy; World Economic Forum’s Stewardship Board on Trade and Investment; a Convener of the 'E15 Initiative’, an international undertaking involving over 400 experts seeking options for the global trade and investment system; Member of the Board of Intellectual Property Watch (Geneva); the Operating Board of AccountAbility (London); the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Trade and WEF’s Working Group on Trade and Climate Change; The Pardee Center Task Force on Governance for a Green Economy (U of Boston); The Center for Global Development’s Global Trade Preference Working Group (Washington, DC); The Evian’s Group Brains Trust (IMD); the Global Governance Network of Globus et Locus (Milano); the Steering Committees of DfID’s Global Trade and Finance Architecture Initiative and of UN DESA’s Sustainable Development Knowledge Partnership (New York), a Patron of the Earth Focus Foundation (Geneva); in the recent past he served as Chair of the Global Action Network’s Council (Cambridge, MA); and member of the U.N. Secretary General Millennium Project Task Force on Trade; the WTO’s Director General NGO Advisory Group; and the MOFCOM/IISD China Sustainable Development and Global Markets Task Force.

In 2016 he was an advisor to the G20 China Presidency on Trade and Investment, in 2017 co-chair of the T20 Task Force on Trade and Investment during Germany’s G20 Presidency, in 2018 co-chair of T20 Task Force on Trade, Investment and Tax Cooperation during Argentina’s G20 Presidency and in 2018/2019 co-chair of T20 Task Force for Trade, Investment and Globalization during Japan’s G20 Presidency.

Since 2015, he is part of the Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) Global Digital Futures Policy Forum.

Mr. Meléndez-Ortiz, a graduate of Harvard University, has recently co-authored the New Industrial Revolution: Upgrading Trade and Investment Frameworks for Digitalization (21 August 2018) with Axel Berger: this policy brief was produced by the T20 Task Force on Trade, Investment and Tax Cooperation under the G20 Presidency of Argentina in 2018; Renforcer le système international du commerce et de l’investissement au 21ème siècle (1 December 2016) with Richard Samans; The Law and Economics of a Sustainable Energy Trade Agreement (30 August 2016) with Gary Hufbauer, Richard Samans; Envisioning China’s G20 Presidency: Proposals for the global trade and investment regime in the 21st century (19 March 2016); Strengthening the Global Trade and Investment System in the 21st Century, Synthesis Report, under the E15Initiative (22 January 2016) with Richard Samans, Harsha V. Singh, Sean Doherty; Enabling the Energy Transition and Scale-up of Clean Energy Technologies: Options for the Global Trade System, under the E15Initiative (22 January 2016)Envisioning a Sustainable Development Agenda for Trade and Environment (Palgrave Macmillan, 2007) with A. Najam and M. Halle, and co-edited Rebuilding Global Trade: Proposals for A Fairer, More Sustainable Future(Global Economic Governance Programme at Oxford U. and ICTSD, 2009) with C. Deere; Agricultural Subsidies In The WTO Green Box: Ensuring Coherence With Sustainable Development Goals (Cambridge University Press, 2009) with C. Bellmann and J. Hepburn; Intellectual Property and Sustainable Development, Agendas in a Changing World(Edward Elgar Publishing, 2009) with P. Roffe; and, WTO Dispute Settlement: The Developing CountryExperience (Cambridge U. Press, forthcoming November 2010) with G. Shaffer. He holds the Colombian nationality and is a resident of Switzerland where he lives with his wife and two daughters.

Senior fellow and deputy director of Institute of World Economics and Politics (IWEP), Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS). Graduated from Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics and obtained Master degree of engineering, Mr. Zou had been engaged in research on nuclear strategy, arms control and non-proliferation, served as head of research division and deputy director of the institute under the Ministry of Defence, inspector of United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Committee (UNMOVIC) and counsellor for disarmament of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs successively. He is also council member of China Arms Control and Disarmament Association (CACDA).

Director General, Department of International Economic and Trade Affairs, MOFCOM  Director General of the Department of International Trade and Economic Affairs, Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China, Chair of G20 Trade and Investment Working Group 2016. His major responsibilities cover China’s FTA negotiations, multilateral and regional economic affairs, and UN and bilateral development cooperation. Prior to his current position, Mr. Zhang served as the Minister Counselor for economic and commercial affairs in the Chinese Embassy to the United States from January 2010 to September 2013, and the Minister Counselor in the Permanent Mission of China to the United Nations from October 2008 to December 2009. Before that, he was Assistant Trade Negotiator of the Ministry of Commerce, leading the negotiations of establishing the Free Trade Areas between China and ASEAN, New Zealand, Singapore and Iceland. At the same time, he also served as the Senior Economic Official of China for APEC trade and economic affairs. Mr. Zhang graduated from Peking University and Carnegie-Mellon University. 

Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Canada to the World Trade Organization and other international organizations, Geneva. Former: Ambassador to Japan; Executive Director for Canada, Ireland and the Caribbean, IMF; Senior Foreign Policy Adviser to the Prime Minister; Canada’s G-7 and G-20 Finance Deputy; and at Canada’s Foreign Ministry, Associate Deputy Minister; Assistant Deputy Minister for Trade, Economic and Environmental Policy; Chief Negotiator on China’s World Trade Organization accession; Director-General for Trade Policy; and Chief Counsel for NAFTA. BA and LLB, University of Toronto; LLM, Columbia.


Karl P. Sauvant is an ICTSD Senior Fellow - Investment, Resident Senior Fellow, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment (CCSI), a joint center of Columbia Law School and the Earth Institute at Columbia University; Adjunct Professor and Senior Research Scholar, Columbia Law School; Guest Professor, Nankai University, China. Former: Founding Executive Director, Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment; Director of the Investment Division, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). Created the prestigious annual World Investment Report, of which he was the lead author until 2004. Authored a substantial number of publications on issues related to economic development, FDI and services. Honors: Fellow of the Academy of International Business and an Honorary Fellow of the European International Business Academy. PhD, University of Pennsylvania. 

Associate Professor of Law, Peking University School of Transnational Law; Co-Director, Pearl River Delta Academy of International Trade and Investment Law. Former: Chief of NAFTA/CAFTA-DR Arbitration in the Office of the Legal Adviser of the US Department of State.

Master in International Affairs, Economic and Political Development, Columbia University. Head of the Investment Division, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). More than 20 years of professional experience. Expert in international trade and Free Trade Agreement negotiations, particularly in the areas of Investment and Services. Former: High level Chilean representative in various international foras and organization such as OECD, WTO, APEC (SOM), and G20 Sherpa (2012).

Professor of Law and Dean, China University of International Business & Economics    (UIBE) Law School; Director, UIBE International Law Institute (ILI) and UIBE Research Center for Unification of Commercial Law (RCUCL). Focuses on international economic law, particularly, WTO law on trade in services. Author of ‘Free Trade and Cultural Diversity in International Law’ and numerous journal articles on trade law. Frequently counseled by Chinese government agencies in terms of policy and regulation on services trade. PhD in Law and LLB, Wuhan University, China; JSD and LLM, Yale Law School.

Executive Dean and Professor, the China Institute for WTO Studies at UIBE. PhD in International Trade, University of International Business & Economics, Beijing (UIBE). Deputy Director and Associate Professor, China Institute for International Studies at UIBE. Former: Deputy Dean, China Institute for WTO Studies at UIBE; Visiting scholar, Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS); Visiting researcher, Korea Institute for International Economic Policy (KIEP) and WTO Secretariat. Researches the WTO, Chinese trade policy, Agreement on Government Procurement and US-China trade relations. Has published a number of papers in prominent academic journals and chapters in books, including “China’s Position and Role in the WTO,” “China: a revisionist rather than a revolutionist.”

Yan Dong, Senior Research Fellow, Director of the Trade Department of the Institute of World Economics and Politics (IWEP), Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS.) Her research fields include international trade theory and policy, regional economic integration, and global value chains. Her academic research papers have been published in the journals of The World Economy, Economic Modelling, Journal of Policy Modelling, and Applied Economic Letters. She has written a series of policy papers and reports on China’s trade policy.

Mr. Motosada (Moto) Matano joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) of Japan in 1993.  He assumed his current post since the end of July, 2014, being in charge of Japan’s overall trade policies and negotiations with a particular focus on the World Trade Organization related matters, coordinating relevant ministries. 

Prior to his current assignment, he was Director of the Services Trade Division of MOFA in charge of Japan’s all the services trade related negations ranging from multilateral to bilateral ones.  He served as Japan’s lead services negotiator himself in WTO, TiSA, TPP, as well as bilateral trade agreements with the EU, Australia, Canada, and Columbia.  He has continuously served as the lead services negotiator in the TPP while concurrently assigned as Counselor of the Government Headquarters for the TPP of the Cabinet Secretariat.

Before being engaged in the services trade, he was stationed in Washington, D.C. for three years and seven months as Counselor and Deputy Chief of Public Affairs/Press Section at the Embassy of Japan, since January, 2009.  He was also stationed in Washington, D.C. from 1996 to 1998 as Ambassador’s Personal Aide and then as Economic Officer being in charge of bilateral trade issues.

Before Washington, he was Principal Deputy Director of the Second Middle East Division of MOFA in charge of Japan’s foreign policy toward Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran and the Gulf oil producing countries since March, 2007.  Prior to this assignment, he was Principal Deputy Director of the National Security Policy Division of the Foreign Policy Bureau of MOFA, a Pol-Mil branch in charge of security and defence issues, since 2004.    

Mr. Matano was seconded to then Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI; currently METI) as Deputy Director for International Petroleum Affairs at the Petroleum Department.  Subsequently, he held Deputy Directorships at the divisions within MOFA in charge of G8 Okinawa Summit in 2000; bilateral relations with Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam; followed by the Second North America Division in charge of Japan-U.S./Canada economic and trade affairs. 

He received B.A. in Economics from Keio University and M.A. in International Relations from Yale University.  He is married with two children.

Academic Director and Professor of International Trade and Economic Development, University of St. Gallen; Non-Resident Senior Fellow in the Economics Studies programme of the Brookings Institution. Researches the factors determining the intensity of competition in emerging markets, on the effects of competition law and policy on firms behaviour, and on the analysis of existing and proposed agreements at the World Trade Organization. Has published a number of books and has in addition edited many book chapters and articles. Former: World Bank official; Has taught at the University of Oxford, the University of Michigan Business School, and Rutgers University. PhD in Economics, Yale University.

Professor and director of Research Center of Global Value Chains at University of International Business and Economics. He is also senior policy research fellow at School of Policy, Government and International Affairs at George Mason University. He obtained his Ph.D in applied economics at University of Minnesota with a minor in computer and information sciences in 1994.  He worked as a Lead international economist at Research Division, U.S. International Trade Commission for more than 10 years before his current appointment. He was a research fellow at Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences before he came to the United States and served on the board of directors of the Chinese Economists Society (CES) during 1992-93. His major fields of expertise include computable general equilibrium modeling, value chain in global production network, measuring trade in value-added, data reconciliation methods, economic integration among Greater China area, Chinese economies, and international trade.  He has long list of publication in world leading economic journals, including the American Economic Review, American Journal of agricultural Economics, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of International Economics, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Journal of Regional Sciences, Journal of Comparative Economics, and Journal of Policy Modeling. He is the author, co-author, or co-editor of several books and many book chapters, including Global Economic Effects of the Asian Currency Devaluations (PIIE, 1998), The Implications of China-Taiwan Economic Liberalization (PIIE, 2010), and Trade in Value Added: Developing New Measures of Cross-Border Trade (CEPR and the World Bank, 2013).

PhD (economics), Deputy Director of the Institute of World Economy, China Academy of International Trade and Economic Cooperation (CAITEC), Chinese Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM). Before he joined CAITEC, he had been the First Secretary at the Department for WTO Affairs, MOFCOM, where he is responsible for the WTO negotiations and domestic policy development on regulation and standardization related issues. His publications include one monograph and over thirty articles on TBT and domestic regulation, standardization, IPR and competition in English and Chinese. He has been invited to speak at international seminars organized by, among others, the European Commission, Yale Law School, and Stanford Law School.

This event is organised by ICTSD, in partnership with Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. The organisers would like to acknowledge the ICTSD core donors and British Embassy China Prosperity Fund for making this event possible.