Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz

Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz

Chief Executive

Ricardo MELÉNDEZ-ORTIZ is founder and Chief Executive since 1996 of the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD), based in Geneva, Switzerland.

Previously, he co-founded and was General Director of Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano (Quito). He has represented Colombia as a negotiator in several multilateral fora, including as permanent delegate of Colombia in Geneva and as a negotiator in GATT’s Uruguay Round, the Rio’92 UN Conference process, UNCTAD VIII, the Climate Change Convention, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the Montreal Protocol. He acted as spokesperson for the G77 in several fora and served as chair of the UN Standing Committees on Commodities and on Trade Preferences. Earlier, he had served as Principal Adviser to the Colombian Minister of Economic Development and as Chief of Administration of the Office of the President of Colombia.

Since 1997, Mr. Meléndez-Ortiz has been the publisher of BRIDGES and its sister publications, and has edited, authored and published a wide range of books, articles and opinion pieces in English, French and Spanish on economic governance, trade, sustainable development and conflict management.

He has served or currently sits on advisory committees and the boards of a number of global policy initiatives, including as Board chairperson of the Meridian Institute (U.S.); World Economic Forum’s Global Future Council on Biodiversity and the Bio-Economy; World Economic Forum’s Stewardship Board on Trade and Investment; a Convener of the 'E15 Initiative’, an international undertaking involving over 400 experts seeking options for the global trade and investment system; Member of the Board of Intellectual Property Watch (Geneva); the Operating Board of AccountAbility (London); the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Trade and WEF’s Working Group on Trade and Climate Change; The Pardee Center Task Force on Governance for a Green Economy (U of Boston); The Center for Global Development’s Global Trade Preference Working Group (Washington, DC); The Evian’s Group Brains Trust (IMD); the Global Governance Network of Globus et Locus (Milano); the Steering Committees of DfID’s Global Trade and Finance Architecture Initiative and of UN DESA’s Sustainable Development Knowledge Partnership (New York), a Patron of the Earth Focus Foundation (Geneva); in the recent past he served as Chair of the Global Action Network’s Council (Cambridge, MA); and member of the U.N. Secretary General Millennium Project Task Force on Trade; the WTO’s Director General NGO Advisory Group; and the MOFCOM/IISD China Sustainable Development and Global Markets Task Force.

In 2016 he was an advisor to the G20 China Presidency on Trade and Investment, in 2017 co-chair of the T20 Task Force on Trade and Investment during Germany’s G20 Presidency, in 2018 co-chair of T20 Task Force on Trade, Investment and Tax Cooperation during Argentina’s G20 Presidency and in 2018/2019 co-chair of T20 Task Force for Trade, Investment and Globalization during Japan’s G20 Presidency.

Since 2015, he is part of the Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) Global Digital Futures Policy Forum.

Mr. Meléndez-Ortiz, a graduate of Harvard University, has recently co-authored the New Industrial Revolution: Upgrading Trade and Investment Frameworks for Digitalization (21 August 2018) with Axel Berger: this policy brief was produced by the T20 Task Force on Trade, Investment and Tax Cooperation under the G20 Presidency of Argentina in 2018; Renforcer le système international du commerce et de l’investissement au 21ème siècle (1 December 2016) with Richard Samans; The Law and Economics of a Sustainable Energy Trade Agreement (30 August 2016) with Gary Hufbauer, Richard Samans; Envisioning China’s G20 Presidency: Proposals for the global trade and investment regime in the 21st century (19 March 2016); Strengthening the Global Trade and Investment System in the 21st Century, Synthesis Report, under the E15Initiative (22 January 2016) with Richard Samans, Harsha V. Singh, Sean Doherty; Enabling the Energy Transition and Scale-up of Clean Energy Technologies: Options for the Global Trade System, under the E15Initiative (22 January 2016)Envisioning a Sustainable Development Agenda for Trade and Environment (Palgrave Macmillan, 2007) with A. Najam and M. Halle, and co-edited Rebuilding Global Trade: Proposals for A Fairer, More Sustainable Future(Global Economic Governance Programme at Oxford U. and ICTSD, 2009) with C. Deere; Agricultural Subsidies In The WTO Green Box: Ensuring Coherence With Sustainable Development Goals (Cambridge University Press, 2009) with C. Bellmann and J. Hepburn; Intellectual Property and Sustainable Development, Agendas in a Changing World(Edward Elgar Publishing, 2009) with P. Roffe; and, WTO Dispute Settlement: The Developing CountryExperience (Cambridge U. Press, forthcoming November 2010) with G. Shaffer. He holds the Colombian nationality and is a resident of Switzerland where he lives with his wife and two daughters.

Bridges news

12 六月 2017
古谚是这么说的,“在海里还有更多的鱼”。 到2010年为止,长达十年的国际海洋生物普查已经记录了近17,000种鱼类,估计另有5000多种未被发现。 这包括从巨大的鲸鲨到著名的小丑鱼,还有鲭鱼和底栖鳗鱼。 这些都是生态系统的一部分,这个生态系统是海洋中约23万个其他海洋物种的栖息地,涵盖了近四分之三的地球表面。 过度捕捞 然而,国际海洋生物普查警告称,过度捕捞和栖息地破坏是海洋生物多样性的主要威胁。 据联合国粮食及农业组织估计,根据预测,超过31%的商业鱼类种群将被过度捕捞,自1974年以来的记录开始以来,这一数字已经翻了三倍。 这些数字对于海洋中一些最有价值的鱼来说更糟,没有可预见的放松...


Shaffer, Gregory and Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz (eds). (Cambrige University Press 2010).

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo, Christophe Bellmann and Jonathan Hepburn (eds). (Cambridge University Press 2009).

Najam, Adil, Mark Halle and Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz. (Palgrave Macmillan 2007).

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo and Vicente Sanchez (eds). (Routledge 2005).

Bellmann, Christophe; Dutfield, Graham and Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo (eds). (Routledge 2003).

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo and Christophe Bellmann (eds). (Editions Charles Léopold Mayer 2002).

Chapters in books, articles, working papers and contributions

Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz, Mahesh Sugathan, Volume 51 (2017) Journal of World Trade, Issue 6, pp. 933–958

 Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz writes for voxeu.org 26 July 2016

Meléndez-Ortiz Ricardo, Ahmed Abdel-Latif. In: The ACTA and the Plurilateral Enforcement Agenda, Genesis and Aftermath, Ed. Pedro Roffe and Xavier Seuba, (Cambridge University Press, 2014)

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo, WFO Webpage, 2013.

Primo Braga Carlos A. and Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz , IMD Webpage, October 2013

Meléndez-Ortiz Ricardo, In: International Trade Forum Magazine, the quarterly magazine of the International Trade Centre, 1 July 2013.

Meléndez-Ortiz Ricardo In: Making it, issue 12, 4 January 2013, pp. 25-26.

Ricardo Meléndez‐Ortiz, Review of Policy Research, Volume 28, Issue 5, September 2011, Pages 479-486

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo. In: Beyond Rio+20: Governance for a Green Economy, ed. Henrik Selin and Adil Najam, pp. 33-42 (The Frederick S. Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer-Range Future, Boston University 2011).

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo and Trineesh Biswas. In: Europe’s World, 2011.

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo and Trineesh Biswas. In: Making Global Trade Governance Work for Development Perspectives and Priorities from Developing Countries, ed. Carolyn Deere Birkbeck, pp. 100-134 (Cambridge University Press 2011).

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo. In: Peace and Prosperity through World Trade. Achieving the 2019 Vision, ed. Fabrice Lehmann and Jean-Pierre Lehmann, 185-190 (Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo, Trineesh Biswas and Ingrid Jegou. In: Integration and Trade, no. 30, vol 14, January-June 2010, pp. 21-32.

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo. In: Achieving the Millennium Development Goals through New Development Partnership: Building Up Sustainable Growth and Country Ownership, UNCTAD, pp.72-78 (Report based on the High-Level Workshop on Status and Trends for Asian, Caribbean and Pacific Least Developed Countries 2008).

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo, GE Citizenship webpage, 2008.

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo. In: New Thinking on Trade Policy and Development. The Relationship between Multilateral Negotiations and Regional or Bilateral Negotiations, Socialist Group in the European Parliament, pp.12-14, 2007.

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo. In: D+C, issue 8-9, 2006.

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo. In: Sustainable Development in World Trade Law, ed. Gehring, Markus and Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger, (Kluwer Law International, 2005).

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo. In: European Trade and Global Biodiversity, Volume 9, pp. 1-2, 2005.

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo. In: Policy Matters. Trade, Environment and Investment: Cancun and Beyond, IUCN Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy, issue 11, September 2003, pp. 22-27.

Meléndez-Ortiz Ricardo, Bernice Wing Yee Lee, and Adil Najam. A think piece produced as background reading for the third panel of the Dialogue on Governance, Globalisation and Development. 2003.

Collective reports